Bonsai is a type of cultivation of plants from stems, born many centuries ago in China and then exported and perfected in Japan later. The term means growing in pots. To be able to maintain a bonsai it is certainly advisable to adequately treat the pruning of the roots that expand in depth, as well as to provide for periodic repotting and pruning of the branches to adequately maintain the characteristics. The bonsai must have particular properties to be defined as such: the conicity of the trunk, the reduced size of the leaves and a general naturalness of the plant. In the east, bonsaistic technique is considered a union between art and nature and must follow basic principles that also reflect the correct characteristics of each individual plant.
The bonsai (Features)
To be able to correctly evaluate a bonsai you should take into consideration 5 fundamental points: the root system, the trunk, the branches, the leaves and finally the apex. The roots should be arranged in a radial pattern and the part of the root that will penetrate the soil should be visible. The trunk should have a straight and sinuous shape, quite wide at the base and thinner towards the top. The branches should be arranged so that the larger ones extend towards the back and to the sides, leaving the smaller ones frontally. The leaves should be kept very small, administering the correct amount of water and fertilizers and proceeding with stapling the tips or defoliation. The apex should be viable and not broken.
The bonsai (Methodologies)
Bonsai could be obtained using various different methods: from seed, from cuttings, from layering, from nursery plants, from plants harvested in nature (prohibited in Italy) or from pre-bonsai. The method by seed will be the most natural and can take place either in spring or late autumn depending on the type. The ideal soil will be 50% sand and 50% peat. Using a cutting, the procedure will certainly be more immediate, either by using a woody cutting or by using a semi-woody one. The cutting should be taken from another bonsai and kept moist in the terminal part. The layering will be the fastest method to obtain a bonsai, but you will have to choose a suitable branch and use the best technique to make the roots grow on this branch.
Bonsai care: Ficus Ginseng
Ginseng is Ficus retusa which is cultivated with bonsai. The plant has a broad and broad stem with voluminous and knotty aerial roots. The leaves tend to spread and it will be difficult enough to keep them small as the technique requires. It is an evergreen plant, which will present a continuous development throughout the year. To grow, the plant needs the right amount of moisture that should be artificially replenished, since the air in the apartment will be dry so it will need to be vaporized. The watering should be regular and certainly avoiding stagnation. It will be important to fertilize properly because ginseng will require many mineral salts. This bonsai fears pruning and it is important to do it on small twigs.