The most suitable habitat for planting pineapples
Planting pineapples in the garden, or in an apartment, is possible and there is no need for torrid tropical heat or large plantations. To cultivate this fruit, it is enough to get a vase, a fresh fruit, a little patience and a lot of love. The first thing to do is to prepare the optimal habitat. In fact, the pineapple plant needs a mild and well-sheltered but very bright climate. Whether you opt for the full earth, or whether you opt for the pot solution. Let's make sure, therefore, that our plant grows in an airy, bright and, above all, protected from the winter cold. Secondly, it is necessary to prepare the ground. There pineapple plant is from the Bromeliad family and prefers, for this reason, acid soils whose pH values are between pH 4.5 and 5.0. On the market there are many chemical fertilizers specifically designed to rebalance the pH of the soil and, if necessary, make it more acidic. However, when it concerns soil drainage, we should be careful not to use soils that are too clayey, sandy or heavy, whose composition favors excessive water stagnation.
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Planting pineapple from the fruit
One of the easiest ways to plant pineapples starts with its fruit. The reproduction of this tropical plant, in fact, occurs asexually because only rarely is the fruit equipped with seeds suitable for insemination. Usually, therefore, one starts directly from a fresh fruit and more precisely from its crown, or the apical part of the fruit formed by the leaves that make up the tuft. The first thing to do is to get a ripe pineapple with an intense aroma, the leaves of the green tuft and the yellow-brown skin. In fact, the birth of the new pineapple plant occurs only from ripe fruit to the right point. To understand if the chosen pineapple is really mature, it is sufficient to try to pull the leaves of its tuft. If they tear too easily, then the fruit is too ripe and therefore, no longer able to sprout. Let us also take care to check also that the pineapple we have chosen has not been attacked by cochineal or other insects. Since the reproduction of pineapple takes place by multiplication, the new plant generated will have a genetic heritage identical to that of the plant of origin.
First steps to plant pineapples
Once the fruit has been chosen, we must separate the tuft from the pineapple pulp. There are two ways to do this. If the fruit is in good condition, and has reached the right level of ripeness, it will suffice to grasp the tuft of leaves on the top of the fruit, holding the body firmly, and pull it to itself. In this way the leaves of the tuft should come off keeping their base, that is the stem, intact. We thus obtain what is called a crown in jargon. This part is very important because, from here, the future roots of the new plant will emerge. If the tuft could not be removed in this way, it is possible to cut it with a knife, paying attention, then, to eliminate the pulp left attached to the crown. We also eliminate some leaves from the base of the tuft. In this way, we discovered a part of the pineapple stem without damaging it, facilitating its germination. At this point, we have prepared a correct starting point for creating a new pineapple plant and for starting its cultivation. We should just protect ourselves with a jug with water and a pot with soil.
From the tuft to the new plant
With the crown obtained from the chosen fruit, we can proceed to the most delicate phase of cultivation, that is the crown germination phase. We take a jug of water, or a glass, and soak the crown so that the base of the stem is immersed in water, while the leaves remain outside, pointing upwards. To help the crown float in the water, without letting the leaves sink, let's try to insert some toothpicks at the stem. In this way we help the crown to remain suspended in the water. At this point, we place the glass with the crown in a bright corner of the house, or of our garden, so that it receives a lot of sun and a lot of light. Let us remember that, in this phase of cultivation, the crown cannot be exposed to excessive temperatures, neither hot nor cold, and the water must be changed at least every two days. We wait patiently for the first roots to appear. As soon as they reach 5 cm in length, the crown is ready to be transferred to a vase at least 15 cm in diameter and rich in fertilized soil. The new pineapple is finally ready.