How to irrigate
As far as Fotinia wetting is concerned, it is necessary to take into consideration the age of the plant as the frequency of irrigation varies. When Fotinia is still young, it is good to water about once every 10 or 15 days. When the plant is grown up, the wettings are thinned out until they get to irrigate only once a month, unless some rains have already occurred. It is good not to exceed the amount of water supplied to Fotinia because it particularly fears the formation of water stagnation. In fact, wetting excessively tends to submerge and asphyxiate the roots, causing the consequent root rot which also leads to the death of the plant itself. As for the type of water to be used in the baths, the Fotinia does not show any particular needs.
How to cure it
The Fotinia prefers a direct exposure to the sun in order to produce a copious bloom. It is therefore good to choose a place where the plant can enjoy sunlight for at least 6 hours a day. As for the temperatures, the Fotinia is a very resistant plant that is able to resist well both to the coldest climates and to the hottest and sultry ones. In winter it is recommended to make a mulch based on dry leaves and straw in such a way as to protect the Fotinia from any frost that it could not bear. For pruning, it is advisable to proceed towards the end of May to remove the withered flowers and shorten the branches that have grown particularly. The pruning of the Fotinia is however not essential and it is also possible to leave intact its foliage which will be rather rounded.
How to fertilize
As far as the Fotinia fertilizations are concerned, it is necessary to proceed only during its vegetative period. If the plant is cultivated on the ground, it is necessary to spread at its feet a slow release granular fertilizer, while, if the Fotinia is grown in a pot, it is necessary to use liquid fertilizer. In this case the fertilizer will be diluted with the irrigation water in slightly lower doses than what is indicated on the package. It is good that the fertilizer, both granular and liquid, contains the three fundamental chemical substances such as: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The most suitable soil for the cultivation of Fotinia must be soft and well draining. The plant fears root rot and, therefore, adding the sand substrate can only help our Fotinia.
Fotinia is a plant that is hardly attacked by insects and parasites. It could, rarely, be infested with cochineal which occurs in the form of white and powdery spots removable by the use of a cotton pad soaked in alcohol. In order to prevent a possible infestation by parasites, it is advisable to carry out a preliminary and broad-spectrum insecticide treatment towards the end of winter. However, Fotinia fears diseases caused by poor cultivation. Primarily, the plant could undergo water stagnation if it is over-irrigated. These stagnations cause the submersion and asphyxia of the roots as well as the consequent root rot that leads the plant to death in a short time. It is essential to check the soil before making another wetting.