What is the earthworm humus
The earthworm humus is a panacea for the soil and consequently for the plants, it is a 100% natural fertilizer, not harmful and suitable for all crops. Humus also has the ability to gradually release nutrients into the soil, it differs from compost and organic fertilizers due to its advanced decomposition stage. The humus is obtained from organic and manure wastes, together with earthworms that feed on these components, the earthworm humus is obtained. The earthworms stir and ventilate the fertilizer, accelerate the mineralization and humidification of organic substances, give the right nutritional contribution to soil and crops. The earthworm humus is also called "vermicompost" and there is also a liquid version called "earthworm tea" or "compost tea". The preparation of this liquid compost recalls the process of tea infusion, and the presence of carbon gives a color similar to the English drink. The liquid earthworm humus can be used pure or diluted, to be poured into the soil or directly onto leaves and roots.
Characteristics and properties of humus
The earthworm humus keeps the soil constant, thus reducing the water requirements of the crops, improving the quality of the soil, maintaining the right level of PH and enriching the soil with nutrients. It gradually releases the substances and increases the development of the plants and makes them more resistant to diseases and attacks from pests and insects. The earthworm humus is completely natural, rich in enzymes and microorganisms, high also in the content of auxin and plant hormones. Also contained nitrogen, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, boron, iron, manganese and copper, in very high percentages. Earthworms make the soil well aerated, also favoring the aerobic decomposition of this, digging tunnels increase the permeability of the soil, favor the proliferation of bacteria that are not harmful to crops, make the soil fertile and are also used for bio-remediation, that is to biodegrade pollutants . The earthworm humus is odorless and is therefore also suitable for indoor plants or crops on balconies and terraces.
How to use the humus
The earthworm humus has no contraindication and is suitable for any crop. Even the period of administration is not essential but it is recommended to use it in autumn, at the end of spring or early summer, in the period that is when the soil is more stressed. Added to the soil during sowing or pouring is essential; it can be administered simply by spreading it on the surface of the soil at the feet of the plants both for crops in the ground and in pots. The earthworm humus can also be used weekly before irrigating the plants, especially those from the garden, the doses vary according to the plant to be treated but even exceeding with the doses if necessary you will not cause any damage. It is a really easy to use fertilizer, in liquid form it will be poured on the ground or directly on the roots of the plant in case of repotting, also for this format there are no contraindications.
Earthworm Humus: How to make it at home
Producing earthworm humus is simple and will allow you to have excellent natural fertilizer always at hand. First you will have to choose the right earthworms, usually using the "Eisenia Fetida" species, but get advice in specialized shops. The correct food for earthworms consists of food scraps, but not all, manure and vermiculite. Suitable foods are: vegetables and fruit, coffee grounds, tea bags, crushed egg shells, bread, small portions of cardboard and newspaper, daily manure. The foods not recommended for feeding the earthworms are: cooked foods, citrus fruits, onions and garlic, pineapples, dairy products, meat, fish, fat and too oily foods. The place destined for the growth of earthworms can be built by hand with wooden planks, with a perforated base to avoid water stagnation; there are also containers suitable for earthworm farming on the market. Place the earthworms in the container with compost and manure, the soil must be well moist and never dry. After about a couple of weeks the earthworms will start to multiply and produce humus, after the first 6 months you can use the humus made.