Oriental Gardens

The oriental gardens are inspired by the millenary Asian tradition, where the external space is conceived as a place of meditation and peace. With the progressive encounter between Western and Eastern cultures, the gardens of the "almond-eyed peoples" have also spread to our cities, as modern and minimalist urban solutions. Properly defined oriental gardens are spaces that, in addition to specific urban criteria, are also inspired by ideals of peace, serenity and inner journey. in oriental gardens in fact, natural elements predominate, such as air, water, earth and fire. Each element is next to the other with simplicity and without pre-defined or artificial logics. The various elements may vary from one oriental garden to the other, because the cultures that inspired them are different. From Japan comes the fashion of the Zen garden. Also of Japanese origin are the Shakkei garden and the tea ceremony garden, while the Feng Shui garden is of Chinese origin. According to tradition, the real ones oriental gardens they would be Japanese, but in current practice we tend to define those from Chinese culture as "oriental". The Zen garden is the most famous natural space. Born as a meditation space for Buddhist monks, this garden is also called "dry", due to the presence of elements such as stone, sand and pebbles. The various stone elements are arranged in a natural order, while the sand surface is raked and filled with scattered pebbles. A Zen garden is usually a small natural space to devote to moments of relaxation or contemplation. Within this small and very minimalist space, Buddhist monks devoted themselves to prayer. The modern Zen garden is often enriched with shrubs and aquatic spaces, but these solutions are closer to other famous Japanese gardens, such as the Shakkei and the garden of the tea ceremony. In the Shakkei water courses predominate, such as the pond or the waterfall, while in the one dedicated to the tea ceremony the famous Tsukubai fountain stands out, a Zen symbol that praises purification. The oriental gardens, revised and corrected by western fashions, take up the rules and the inspiring principles of Japanese culture, enriching them with natural elements closer to our environment, and therefore with typical herbaceous and shrub species, alternated with stone paths. Chinese tradition lovers can indulge themselves in the creation of the Feng Shui garden, which symbolizes the encounter between the masculine and the feminine. In this garden the proportions between the various natural elements are very important, which must be combined according to the rule of emptiness with full or high with low, that is, tall trees with low stones and high rocks on meadows with streams.